Lyme Disease and its Complications

The bacterial infection that is caused by the bite of a thick that carries the Borrelia bacterium is known as Lyme disease. The most common sign of infection is a growing area of redness. This red spot begins after a week at the site of a thick bite. However, those rashes are neither itchy or painful.  Lyme disease is transmitted to humans by the bitten of infected thick of the ixodes genus.

Symptom of Lyme Disease

During the early days, the symptoms of this disease are mild, indeed, in some cases there are no symptoms at all. There are three stages of Lyme disease

Stage 1 (Early localized):

  1. The rash suddenly begins as a small red area which expand after some days. These rashes are eventually 30 cm long.
  2. Rash when touched are usually warm.
  3. They are not painful and itchy.
  4. In the center of the red spot, it loses it color giving a bull’s eye appearance.

Stage 2 (Early disseminated):

  1. Circular red spots start to expand.
  2. Cardiac, neurologic
  3. Absent-mindedness and reduced capacity to concentrate.
  4. Swelling in one or more large joints- most often the knee
  5. Sometimes heart related problems, such as skipped heartbeats.
  6. Muscle pain and pain or swelling in the knees and other large joints.

Stage 3 (Late persistent Lyme disease)

  1. Problems with memory, mood or sleep and sometimes difficulty in speaking.
  2. Late nervous system difficulties such as weakness, pain and numbness in the arms and legs because of bacteria spreading to the nerves or spinal cord.
  3. Paralysis of nerves in the face.
  4. Hemiparesis, ataxia, seizures, cognitive impairment and hearing loss.
  5. Subacute encephalopathy, chronic progressive encephalomy, and late axonal neuropathies.

What are the complications of Lyme disease?

If not treated properly Lyme disease may cause following complications:

  • Persistent fatigue
  • Neuropathy
  • Mood disturbance and lack of concentration power.
  • Severe arthritis
  • Disorders such as, heart problems, lungs, nervous system (rare case)

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